Nitish Kumar (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who is the Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in eastern India, since 2017. Previously he served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from 2005 to 2014 and from 2015 to 2017; he also served as a minister in the Union Government of India. He belongs to the Janata Dal (United) political party. He endeared himself to Biharis, used to low expectations from previous regimes, when as Chief Minister, his socialist policies bore dividends in appointing more than 100,000 school teachers, ensuring that doctors worked in primary health centers, electrification of villages, paving of roads, cutting female illiteracy by half, turning around a lawless state by cracking down on criminals and doubling the income of the average Bihari. The cumulative growth rate of GDP of Bihar during his tenure as CM is highest as compared to other states for that period.
On 17 May 2014 he resigned, owning responsibility for his party's poor performance in the 2014 general elections, and was succeeded by Jitan Ram Manjhi. However, he returned to office in February 2015 following a political crisis in Bihar and won the state elections of November 2015. He was elected as the national president of his party on 10 April 2016. In the upcoming election of 2019 many politicians including Lalu Yadav, Tejaswi Yadav and others had proposed him for the Prime Ministerial post in India although he has denied such aspirations. He resigned again on 26 July 2017 as Chief Minister of Bihar over differences with the coalition partner RJD due to the naming of Tejaswi Yadav, the deputy CM and Lalu's son in an FIR by the CBI. Hours later, he joined the NDA coalition which had thus far been the opposition, and secured a majority in the assembly, taking the Chief Ministership once again on the very next day.
Nitish Kumar was born in Harnaut (Kalyan Bigaha), Nalanda district of Bihar in a Kurmi family to Kabiraj Ram Lakhan Singh and Parmeshwari Devi. His father was a freedom fighter and was close to the great Gandhian Bihar VibhutiAnugrah Narayan Sinha, one of the founders of modern Bihar. His father, who was also an Ayurvedic Vaidyaraj.
He got a degree in mechanical engineering from Bihar College of Engineering, (now NIT Patna) in 1972. He joined the Bihar State Electricity Board, half-heartedly, and later moved into politics.
NITISH KUMAR (Winner)
Details of Criminal Cases
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